Heart Diseases and Treatments
Heart Diseases
There are many different forms of heart disease.Heart disease is  also called Cardiac disease. The most common cause of heart disease is narrowing or blockage of the coronary Arteries, the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart itself. This is called coronary Artery disease and happens slowly over time.It's the major for heart attack. A heart attack occurs when blood flow to a section of heart muscle becomes blocked. If the flow of blood is not restored quickly, the section of heart muscle becomes damaged from lack of oxygen and begins to die

You can reduce your risk of heart disease by taking steps to control factors that put you at greater risk:

• Control your blood pressure
• Lower Your Cholesterol
• Don't smoke
• Don't drink Alcohol
• Get enough exercise

Types of Heart Disease

Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease (CHD), also called coronary artery disease.
Coronary heart disease refers to the failure of the coronary circulation to supply adequate circulation to cardiac muscle and surrounding tissue. Coronary heart disease is most commonly equated with Coronary artery disease although coronary heart disease can be due to other causes, such as coronary vasospasm.
Coronary artery disease is a disease of the artery caused by the accumulation of atheromatous plaques (made up of fat, cholesterol (ko-LES-ter-ol), calcium, and other substances found in the blood.)within the walls of the arteries that supply the myocardium. Angina pectoris (chest pain) and myocardial infarction (heart attack) are symptoms of and conditions caused by coronary heart disease.
Lifestyle changes, medicines, and/or medical procedures can effectively prevent or treat CAD in most people.

Cardiomyopathy is a serious disease.Cardiomyopathy literally means "heart muscle disease" (Myo= muscle, pathy= disease) It is the deterioration of the function of the myocardium (i.e., the actual heart muscle) for any reason. People with cardiomyopathy are often at risk of arrhythmia and/or sudden cardiac death.
1. Extrinsic cardiomyopathies : cardiomyopathies where the primary pathology is outside the myocardium itself. Most cardiomyopathies are extrinsic, because by far the most common cause of a cardiomyopathy is ischemia. The World Health Organization calls these specific cardiomyopathies.
2. Intrinsic cardiomyopathies : weakness in the muscle of the heart that is not due to an identifiable external cause.

Cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease is any of a number of specific diseases that affect the heart itself and/or the blood vessel system, especially the veins and arteries leading to and from the heart. Research on disease dimorphism suggests that women who suffer with cardiovascular disease usually suffer from forms that affect the blood vessels while men usually suffer from forms that affect the heart muscle itself. Known or associated causes of cardiovascular disease include diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperhomocysteinemia and hypercholesterolemia.
Types of cardiovascular disease include: Atherosclerosis.

Ischaemic heart disease

Ischaemic heart disease is another disease of the heart itself .due to the reduced blood flow to the heart.

Heart failure(Heart Attach)
Heart failure, also called congestive heart failure (or CHF), and congestive cardiac failure (CCF), is a condition that can result from any structural or functional cardiac disorder that impairs the ability of the heart to fill with or pump a sufficient amount of blood throughout the body. Therefore leading to the heart and body's failure.

Hypertensive heart disease
Hypertensive heart disease is heart disease caused by high blood pressure, especially localized high blood pressure.

Inflammatory heart disease
Inflammatory heart disease involves inflammation of the heart muscle and/or the tissue surrounding it. Endocarditis – inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium. The most common structures involved are the heart valves.
Inflammatory cardiomegaly
Myocarditis – inflammation of the myocardium, the muscular part of the heart.

Valvular heart disease
Valvular heart disease is disease process that affects one or more valves of the heart. There are four major heart valves which may be affected by valvular heart disease, including the tricuspid and aortic valves in the right side of the heart, as well as the mitral and aortic valves in the left side of the heart.

Heart Bypass Surgery

Heart bypass surgery creates a new route, called a bypass, for blood and oxygen to reach your heart. It is done to fix problems caused by coronary artery disease (CAD), in which the arteries that lead to your heart are partly or totally blocked.
Coronary arteries are the small blood vessels that supply your heart with oxygen and nutrients that are carried in your blood.
When one or more of the coronary arteries becomes partly or totally blocked, your heart does not get enough blood. This is called ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease (CAD). It can cause chest pain (angina).
Coronary artery bypass surgery can be used to treat coronary artery disease. CAD varies a lot from person to person, so the way it is diagnosed and treated will also vary. Heart bypass surgery is just one treatment. It will be right for some people, but others may have other kinds of treatment.
A heart surgeon will make a 3- to 5-inch-long incision (cut) in the left part of your chest between your ribs. This allows the surgeon to reach your heart. Muscles in the area will be pushed apart. A small part of the front of the rib, called the costal cartilage, will be removed. Then the surgeon will find and prepare an artery in your chest to attach to your coronary artery that is blocked.
Once the above steps are done, the surgeon will connect the prepared chest artery to your coronary artery that is blocked.

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