Infertility is a biological inability of a person to contribute to fertilisation. The state of a woman who is unable to carry a pregnancy to full term, it means Infertility. There are many biological causes of infertility, some which may be bypassed with medical intervention. Diabetes mellitus, thyroid disorders, adrenal disease are also caused fertility.
Causes of infertility:
Male problems such as low sperm countAge-related factors
Previous tubal ligation
Unexplained infertility Tuberculosis (TB)
Ovaries do not mature and release eggs.
Endometriosis or damage to the fallopian tubes
The Doctors may suggest using a cervical cap which the patient uses at home by placing the sperm inside the cap and putting the conception device on the cervix.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination is also called artificial insemination, or IUI. The male sperm is injected directly into a woman's uterus. The male semen is "washed" in the laboratory (called sperm processing or sperm washing). The sperm is separated from the other components of the semen and concentrated in a small volume. The washed specimen of highly motile sperm is placed either in the cervix or higher in the uterine cavity (intrauterine insemination, IUI) using a sterile, flexible catheter. The woman should rest on the table for 15 minutes after an IUI to optimize the pregnancy rate.
Intracervical insemination (ICI)
It is the easiest way to inseminate, where semen is injected high into the cervix with a needle-less syringe. Intracervical insemination (ICI) is one of the more common types of artificial insemination procedures. It works to increase pregnancy rates by placing sperm directly into a woman’s cervix. This procedure is popular because it is non-invasive, painless, and relatively inexpensive.
Intratubal insemination (ITI)
ITI is the least commonly-performed type of artificial insemination. This is because it is more invasive than other types of artificial insemination and is associated with much higher costs. The female eggs and male sperm are mixed outside the woman's body and then immediately inserted into the Fallopian tube where fertilization takes place. Here, the sperm has a better chance of fertilizing femaleeggs and producing a pregnancy. It is the best beneficial effect compared with IUI.
Intravaginal Insemination (IVI)
Intravaginal Insemination (IVI) places sperm directly inside female vagina in order to increase the chances of fertilization. IVI is a non-surgical and minimally invasive procedure it can be performed at fertility clinic or in the comfort of own home, and for very little cost.
In vitro fertilization (IVF)
IVF may be used to overcome female infertility in the woman due to problems of the fallopian tube, making fertilisation in vivo difficult. It may also assist in male infertility, where there is defect sperm quality. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process by which egg cells are fertilised by sperm outside the womb, in vitro. IVF is a major treatment in infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
ICSI is an in vitro fertilization procedure in which a single male sperm is injected directly into a female egg. It is the most common method used to overcome male infertility problems, although it may also be used where eggs cannot easily be penetrated by sperm, and occasionally as a method of in vitro fertilization, especially that associated with sperm donation.