Liver Diseases & Treatments
Liver disease
Liver disease also called hepatic disease. Number of diseases are affecting in liver. Many are accompanied by jaundice caused by increased levels of bilirubin in the system. The bilirubin results from the breakup of the hemoglobin of dead red blood cells; normally, the liver removes bilirubin from the blood and excretes it through bile. Alcoholic liver disease is the major cause of liver disease.
Liver Cirrhosis
It is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules (lumps that occur as a result of a process in which damaged tissue is regenerated), leading to loss of liver function. Cirrhosis is most commonly caused by alcoholism, hepatitis B and C, and fatty liver disease but has many other possible causes.
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD)
Alcoholic liver disease develops for between 10% and 20% of individuals who drink heavily for a decade or more. There is great variability in the amount of alcohol needed to cause cirrhosis (as little as 3-4 drinks a day in some men and 2-3 in some women [citation needed]). Alcohol seems to injure the liver by blocking the normal metabolism of protein, fats, and carbohydrates. Patients may also have concurrent alcoholic hepatitis with fever, hepatomegaly, jaundice, and anorexia.

A number of liver function tests are available to test the proper function of the liver. These tests for the presence of enzymes in blood that is normally most abundant in liver tissue, metabolites or products. The liver is the only organ that can completely heal itself.
The treatment of Liver Cirrhosis the only option is a liver transplant.
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